Here’s What Glycobiologists Are Doing For Cancer Research

Here’s What Glycobiologists Are Doing For Cancer Research

Glycobiology crosses many fields including chemistry, biology, medicine, and materials science. Broadly speaking, glycobiology is the study of the structure, biosynthesis and biology of glycans (carbohydrates). All cells and many proteins are covered with a dense and complex array of covalently attached sugar chains (called oligosaccharides or glycans). The biological roles of these glycans become particularly important … Read more

Proteogenomics And Head and Neck Cancer

Proteogenomics And Head and Neck Cancer

Proteogenomic has the potential to match cancer patients with an effective therapy for their particular cancer. A new study identifies three molecular subtypes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) that could be used to better determine appropriate treatment. The research led by Baylor College of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University and the National Cancer … Read more

What’s In A Tree

What’s In A Tree

There’s more to a tree than you may have thought. Consider the characterizations from a scientist, a philosopher and a poet. Professor Birgitta Whaley pursues novel quantum computing devices by using advanced probing methods (ie. ultrafast spectroscopy) to resolve the underlying mystery behind a biological molecule’s capacity to concurrently inhabit multiple places, times or energy … Read more

Researchers Generate Complete Human X Chromosome Sequence

Researchers Generate Complete Human X Chromosome Sequence

Since sequencing the first whole human genome in 2003, scientists have failed to identify small gaps scattered among the 23 pairs of chromosomes. Sometimes called dark genes, these genes have limited scientific understanding of genetics. Short-read sequencers make errors interpreting dark genes because they contain long, highly repetitive stretches of DNA that produce errors during … Read more

Amid The Turmoil Of 2020, This Company Was The First To Treat Patients With A Genome Editing Therapy

Amid The Turmoil Of 2020, This Company Was The First To Treat Patients With A Genome Editing Therapy

In March, Allergan plc and Editas Medicine, Inc. announced the treatment of the first patient in the BRILLIANCE clinical trial of AGN-151587 (EDIT-101) at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) Casey Eye Institute, an academic eye center. Scientists say that the gene editing tool, CRISPR, used in this trail is the first time CRISPR has … Read more

How NIST’s Biofoundary Automates Biology

How NIST’s Biofoundary Automates Biology

Engineering biological systems to solve problems is becoming almost commonplace. Ideas range from finding environmentally sustainable ways to mimic natural resources to building new kinds of medical treatments for deadly diseases. The enormous promise of such work is rapidly intercepting with actual results.  When physicist David Ross thinks of these things, he thinks a lot … Read more